Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is CBT?

CBT is a way of talking about, with a suitably qualified counsellor, the way that you as an individual:-

  • Think about yourself, other people, situations and the world in general
  • How does what you do affect your thoughts and feelings about yourself

CBT can help the individual to change the way that you think “COGNITIVE” and what you do “BEHAVIOUR”. Once these changes in the way that we think and feel have taken place then the individual starts to feel better about themselves and the world about them.

CBT places emphasis on the “hear and now” of things. It does not attempt, generally, to explain the causes of an individuals distress. Instead it looks for ways of focussing you on methods to employ to improve your state of mind now.

CBT is helpful in some of the following areas:-

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Phobias
  • Eating Disorders
  • Panic Attacks
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorders
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

How Does CBT Work?

CBT can help the individual to make sense of an overwhelming situation or problem by breaking them down into smaller more manageable pieces. This then seems to make it a lot easier to see where they connect and therefore how they can affect you. These parts are:-

  • A situation or a problem which can then be followed by:-
  • Thoughts
  • Emotions
  • Physical Feelings
  • Actions

Each of these areas can affect the others so that how you think about a problem can have an effect on how you feel both emotionally and physically. It can therefore alter what you do about it.

Sometimes CBT on its own is not enough as it can sometimes provide only short term solutions. In this case the client needs to undertake a more in depth piece of work that seeks to find the root causes of the issues and problems and address these as well.